The Gospel of Matthew

Gospel of Matthew

THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW

He who has ears, let him hear. Is the Bible True? Jesus travels toward Jerusalem, and the opposition intensifies: You can cancel anytime during the trial period. Triumphal entry into Jerusalem Books View or order collections of articles. The Gospel of Matthew and Its Readers.

It concludes with a reminder that the response to the kingdom will have eternal consequences, and the crowd's amazed response leads into the next narrative block. From the authoritative words of Jesus the gospel turns to three sets of three miracles interwoven with two sets of two discipleship stories the second narrative , followed by a discourse on mission and suffering. Opposition to Jesus comes to a head with accusations that his deeds are done through the power of Satan; Jesus in turn accuses his opponents of blaspheming the Holy Spirit.

The discourse is a set of parables emphasising the sovereignty of God, and concluding with a challenge to the disciples to understand the teachings as scribes of the kingdom of heaven. The fourth narrative section reveals that the increasing opposition to Jesus will result in his crucifixion in Jerusalem, and that his disciples must therefore prepare for his absence.

This section contains Matthew Jesus travels toward Jerusalem, and the opposition intensifies: He teaches in the Temple, debating with the chief priests and religious leaders and speaking in parables about the Kingdom of God and the failings of the chief priests and the Pharisees. The Herodian caucus also become involved in a scheme to entangle Jesus Matthew The disciples ask about the future, and in his final discourse the Olivet Discourse Jesus speaks of the coming end.

At the end of the discourse, Matthew notes that Jesus has finished all his words, and attention turns to the crucifixion. The events of Jesus' last week occupy a third of the content of all four gospels. He is tried by the Jewish leaders the Sanhedrin and before Pontius Pilate , and Pilate washes his hands to indicate that he does not assume responsibility.

Jesus is crucified as king of the Jews, mocked by all. On his death there is an earthquake, the veil of the Temple is rent, and saints rise from their tombs. Mary Magdalene and another Mary discover the empty tomb, guarded by an angel , and Jesus himself tells them to tell the disciples to meet him in Galilee. After the resurrection the remaining disciples return to Galilee, "to the mountain that Jesus had appointed", where he comes to them and tells them that he has been given "all authority in heaven and on Earth.

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Jesus will be with them "to the very end of the age". Christology is the theological doctrine of Christ, "the affirmations and definitions of Christ's humanity and deity". Matthew has taken over his key Christological texts from Mark, but sometimes he has changed the stories he found in Mark, giving evidence of his own concerns. Matthew's prime concern was that the Jewish tradition should not be lost in a church that was increasingly becoming gentile.

The gospel has been interpreted as reflecting the struggles and conflicts between the evangelist's community and the other Jews, particularly with its sharp criticism of the scribes and Pharisees. The divine nature of Jesus was a major issue for the community of Matthew, the crucial element marking them from their Jewish neighbors. Early understandings of this nature grew as the gospels were being written. Before the gospels, that understanding was focused on the revelation of Jesus as God in his resurrection, but the gospels reflect a broadened focus extended backwards in time. Matthew and Luke go back further still, showing Jesus as the Son of God from his birth.

Matthew more than all the other gospels identifies how his coming to earth was the fulfillment of many Old Testament prophecies. Finally John calls God the Word Jesus pre-existent before creation , and thus before all time. Matthew is a creative reinterpretation of Mark, [50] stressing Jesus' teachings as much as his acts, [51] and making subtle changes in order to stress his divine nature: There is a broad disagreement [ citation needed ] over chronology between Matthew, Mark and Luke on one hand and John on the other: John , by contrast, puts the Temple incident very early in Jesus' ministry, has several trips to Jerusalem, and puts the crucifixion immediately before the Passover holiday, on the day when the lambs for the Passover meal were being sacrificed in Temple.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the film, see The Gospel According to St. Matthew Mark Luke John. Genealogy of Jesus and Nativity of Jesus. Baptism of Jesus and Sermon on the Mount. Bach Textual variants in the Gospel of Matthew. T France , "The Gospel of Matthew", p. France himself is not convinced by the majority — see his Commentary, pp.

The Gospel of Matthew

In Aune, David E. The Blackwell Companion to the New Testament. The Gospel of Matthew.

THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW

A commentary on the Gospel of Matthew. Translated by Linss, Wilhelm C. The Gospel according to Matthew. The Gospel of Matthew: A Commentary on the Greek Text.

Westminster John Knox Press. The Gospel of Matthew in current study.

2. Five women are included in Matthew’s genealogy

The Gospel According to Matthew is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels. It tells how the Messiah, Jesus, rejected by Israel. Read the Book of Matthew online. Study Scripture verses with commentary, concordances, and use highlighting, underlining, take notes in the Bible.

The New Testament in its literary environment. Oxford Dictionary of the Bible. An introduction to the New Testament and the origins of Christianity. The Gospel of Matthew and Its Readers.

Matthew 1 NIV - The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah - Bible Gateway

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church 3 ed. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 14 November Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. The Historical Argument for Jesus of Nazareth. In Metzger, Bruce M. In Bromiley, Geoffrey W. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Vol. Matthew's Gospel is directed to an audience steeped in Hebrew tradition. The Gospel of Matthew stressed that Jesus is the Christ 1: For example, Jesus fulfills the prophecies of Isaiah 7: He was named "Jesus because he will save his people from their sins" Matthew 1: Yeshua , his very name in Hebrew, means "the Lord Saves.

Jesus calls himself the Son of Man thirty times, fulfilling the destiny of the Messianic figure in Daniel 7: He is called the Son of David nine times in the Gospel of Matthew. Just as the twelve sons of Jacob were the origin of the twelve tribes of Israel, Jesus as the Christ chose Twelve Apostles to inaugurate the Kingdom of Heaven. Matthew names five women in the Genealogy: The genealogy regularly notes the male who fathers a child, but Matthew delivers an exact statement when he reaches Joseph, "the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born" 1: Matthew records five major speeches of Christ Jesus: The 'keys to the kingdom of heaven' in The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the Synoptic Gospels, as they follow a similar pattern in describing the Life of Jesus and his teachings.

Characteristic of all three are the Parables of Jesus. Matthew relates ten Parables on the Kingdom of Heaven, seven of which occur in Chapter 13 and are central to his Gospel. There are elements to Matthew's Gospel that are unique to it alone. Matthew includes the complete Sermon on the Mount in Chapters 5 through 7; and Matthew's description of his becoming an Apostle in Chapter 9: Matthew is the only one of the Gospel writers to refer to the Church in his reference to establishing Church authority with Peter.

The Last Judgement in Matthew And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age. It is not known whether Matthew's writings were in Hebrew or Aramaic, for while Hebrew was the formal language of Israel, daily language was in Aramaic, as with Jesus and the Apostles. Catherine's Monastery on Mt.

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Was Matthew or Mark written first? There must be a reason for St. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa, 8 and Asa the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, 11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.

Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.

When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit; 19 and her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. This was to fulfil what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, "Out of Egypt have I called my son. Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trodden under foot by men. A city set on a hill cannot be hid. But if any one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also; 40 and if any one would sue you and take your coat, let him have your cloak as well; 41 and if any one forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Do not even the tax collectors do the same?

Do not even the Gentiles do the same? Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

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  • 1. Matthew was primarily written for a Jewish audience.

Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil. So, if your eye is sound, your whole body will be full of light; 23 but if your eye is not sound, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!

You cannot serve God and mammon. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing? Are you not of more value than they? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they neither toil nor spin; 29 yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

Let the day's own trouble be sufficient for the day. Are grapes gathered from thorns, or figs from thistles? Have you come here to torment us before the time? The days will come, when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast. And Jesus sternly charged them, "See that no one knows it. The best answer seems to be that he agreed with it and wanted to show that the apostolic testimony to Christ was not divided. Matthew, whose name means "gift of the Lord," was a tax collector who left his work to follow Jesus 9: In Mark and Luke he is called by his other name, Levi.

Some have argued on the basis of its Jewish characteristics that Matthew's Gospel was written in the early church period, possibly the early part of a. However, those who have concluded that both Matthew and Luke drew extensively from Mark's Gospel date it later -- after the Gospel of Mark had been in circulation for a period of time. See essay and chart, p. Accordingly, some feel that Matthew would have been written in the late 50s or in the 60s. Others, who assume that Mark was written between 65 and 70, place Matthew in the 70s or even later.

However, there is insufficient evidence to be dogmatic about either view. The Jewish nature of Matthew's Gospel may suggest that it was written in the Holy Land, though many think it may have originated in Syrian Antioch.

The Gospel of Matthew

Since his Gospel was written in Greek, Matthew's readers were obviously Greek-speaking. They also seem to have been Jews. Many elements point to Jewish readership: Matthew's concern with fulfillment of the OT he has more quotations from and allusions to the OT than any other NT author ; his tracing of Jesus' descent from Abraham 1: