In later times, the waxing and waning of the moon was due to a curse put on Soma. Soma had twenty-seven wives who correspond to the twenty-seven stations of the moon. They were all the daughters of Daksha. Daksha felt that Soma was paying too much attention to one of his daughters, thereby neglecting the rest. He cursed Soma to die a withering death. But Soma's wives intervened, and so the death became only periodic; during half the month, the moon slowly dies away, but is reborn and comes around again to full vigor.
Besides being a popular deity in Hinduism, Hanuman is also found in Jainism and Buddhism. The earliest mention of a divine monkey, interpreted by some scholars as the proto-Hanuman, is in hymn Both female figurines depict vulva shaped legs and hips and headdresses that encode Amanita muscaria mushrooms.
Archaeologists contend that the Olmec culture appears to come from out of nowhere in full bloom at the site of San Lorenzo, in Veracruz, Mexico. In Zoroastrian religion, the same sacred plant god was known as Haoma. Like Soma, this plant deity played a major role in Persian culture and mythology.
Exactly what plant Haoma originally might have been is the subject of much debate. It has long been established that Haoma was also a psychoactive beverage like Soma Bennett and McQueen , p. Mirrors were a common ritual object in Central Asia, and China, as well as in the Americas. In Mesoamerica, Maya inscriptions tell us that the movement of the planet Venus and its position in the sky was a determining factor for waging a special kind of warfare known as Tlaloc warfare or Venus "Star Wars.
Those who were sacrificed to the gods, or who died in battle went directly to Tlaloc's paradise called Tlalocan, and were blessed with immortality. Those who were sacrificed by the obsidian knife were assured a place in Omeyocan, the paradise of the sun, the afterlife. Franciscan friar Diego de Landa recorded that the Maya drank intoxicating beverages at every ritual occasion.
One could argue that the so called collapse of Classic Maya Civilization, was a Toltec invasion into the Maya region by Chontal Maya tribes, also known as the Putun Maya. These Chontal speaking tribes were devout followers of the god king Quetzalcoatl. The Classic Maya Collapse is a time period that takes place between A.
Its during this time period in the Central lowlands of Guatemala that archaeologist see a sudden decline in population or the abandonment of Maya cities. Pre-Columbian pottery shaped mushrooms are reported to have been found in El Salvador, and Guatemala in both the highlands and the lowland Maya rain forest and in Mexico in the states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and Veracruz.
For more on pottery mushrooms see Borhegyi de, S. Adams reported finding several pottery mushroom specimens in the Maya Rain forest at the Olmec influenced site of Altar de Sacrificios Borhegyi, Vol. The famous bronze statue on the left, of a young women sporting a club-like hand, is from Harappa, early Indus civilization and thought to be about 4, years old. The female ballplayer figurine comes from the archaeological site of Xochipala, Mexico, Tlatilco culture in the western state of Guerrero, and dates to B.
Many of the clay figurines found at the Olmec influenced sites of Xochipala, Tlatilco, and Tlapacoya, in the Valley of Mexico depict ballplayers holding bats or paddles, or so-called "knuckle dusters" which are over sized hand gloves like the one depicted above on the female Xochipala ballplayer de Borhegyi S. E , depictions of human heads as trophy symbols occur on ball game paraphernalia and ball court wall panels, and that an overwhelming majority of these stone artifacts are of Preclassic and Late Classic origin S.
In Preclassic times the ritual ball game seems to be obsessively connected with jaguar and serpent symbolism associated with bloody fertility rites and ritual decapitation S. It was said that The Title of the Lords of Totonicapan, third printing , p. It may not be coincidental that in Mesoamerica there is a parallel belief in a World Tree, or Tree of Life with a great bird who sits on top. In Aztec Nahua legends the sun, descends each night into the underworld to battle the forces of death in order to return, triumphant, each morning to the sky on the wings of an eagle.
Note that the sacred beverage Soma? As the Morning Star the God-king Quetzalcoatl's avatar was the harpy eagle. The pattern of distribution of these stories suggest they have a common origin in the eastern Asiatic coastal region, spreading as peoples migrated west into Siberia and east to the North American continent" Wikipeda. In the religion of the ancient Maya, various twins or brothers represent the dualistic aspects of the planet Venus, as both a Morning star and Evening star.
Maya creation stories record that twins were responsible for placing the three stones of creation into the night sky at the beginning of this world age. These three stones, which represent the three original hearthstones of Maya creation, refer to a trinity of gods responsible for creating life from death. One of these gods, known as First Father, ruled as the Sun God in the previous world age. He was decapitated by the Lords of Death after being defeated in a ballgame.
His twin sons, Venus? I believe that the Maya could see this resurrected decapitated ballplayer, in the night sky, still wearing his ballgame belt, as the constellation of Orion. As the planet Venus, Quetzalcoatl in his impersonation of Tlaloc, rules the underworld, and was responsible for ritual decapitation.
According to Samuel N. The following is from the Encyclopedia Britannica , vol. The liturgy of the Yasna was a remarkable anticipation of the mass in Christianity. He was believed to be incarnate in the sacred plant that was pounded to death in order to extract its life-giving juice so that those who consumed it might be given immortality.
He was regarded as both victim and priest in a sacrificial-sacramental offering in worship. As the intermediary between God and man, Haoma acquired a place and sacramental significance in the worship of Mithra an Indo-Iranian god of light in his capacity as the immaculate priest of Ahura Mazda with whom he was coequal. The Mithraic sacramental banquet was derived from the Yasna ceremony, wine taking the place of the haoma and Mithra that of Ahura Mazda.
The sacred wine gave vigor to the body, prosperity, wisdom, and the power to combat malignant spirits and to obtain immortality. It may just be that the earliest evidence of mushroom consumption as a means of attaining divine immortality was supplied to us in , when archaeologists working in a cave in Spain, discovered the remains of an ancient woman they believe was a shaman or leader of her tribe.
Archaeologists gave her the name "the Red Lady" because many of her bones and some of her surroundings were stained with red ochre made from hematite. Radiocarbon dating suggests that the Red Lady was buried around 18, years ago and that she was between 35 and 40 years old. Here is some food for thought. The fungi represented are P. The mural shows a scene of the hunting of bulls and deer and a small row of mushrooms. Its etymology is uncertain. In the Tungus language, a saman is a person who beats a drum, enters into trance, and cures people. Petroglify Pegtymelia was the first to propose that the Chukotka Petroglyphs in northeastern Siberia, were mushroom inspired.
The Wassons reported on the ritual consumption of fly-agaric among Siberian and northern Asian peoples, suggesting the antiquity of a mushroom cult to Stone Age times. The Ural-Altaic languages are named after this region. So who carved these mushroomic petroglyphs? The Kalash people from the mountains of the Hindu Kush in Pakistan, have also fascinated anthropologists for a long time.
Anthropologists characterize Kalash religion as a form of animism that objects, places, and creatures all possess a divine spiritual essence. The Kalash are believed to be the descendants of the Central Asian peoples that called themselves Aryani, that migrated from Central Asia to the Iranian plateau around 2, BC. Like the god-plant Soma beverage of the ancient Aryans, it has long been established that Haoma was also a psychoactive beverage of the ancient Persians Bennett and McQueen , p.
According to Ethno-archaeologist Peter Furst According to Wasson, The Parsees, descendants of the Zoroastrians, drink bull's urine in there rites to this day source Soma of the Aryans: The bull the animal of sacrifice, was a recurrent theme in Persian Art. On the occasion of the bull sacrifice, "at the resurrection of the bodies when the bull Hadayans is put to death, a drink that will confer inmortality on all men is prepared from the fat of the animal mixed with haoma" Larousse World Mythology, edition, p.
According to the Vedas, Soma was known as "the supreme dappled bull" Larousse World Mythology, edition, p. For this reason all movement inside the yurt was conducted, if at all possible, in a deosil or sunways direction. This also reflected the traditional direction of movement used in shamanic rituals and dances.
The centre of the yurt, where a fire burnt in a hearth and was seldom extinguished, was symbolic of the actual centre of the world or universe. The column of smoke that drifted up from the fire and left the yurt through the central smoke-hole in the roof was symbolic of the axis mundi — the World Mountain, World Pillar or World Tree. This links the underworld below with the heavens above and ends at the North and Pole Star around which all the other stars revolve in the night sky".
In fact, reindeer will seek out human urine to drink, and some tribesmen carry sealskin containers of their own collected piss, which they use to attract stray reindeer back into the herd.
The effects of the Amanita mushroom usually include sensations of size distortion and flying. The feeling of flying could account for the legends of flying reindeer, and legends of shamanic journeys included stories of winged reindeer, transporting their riders up to the highest branches of the World Tree Lee Sayer, Dec. Above is a page from the post-Conquest Florentine Codex Book 4, f. In pre-Conquest Mexico, the moon rabbit was closely identified with the intoxicating drink known as pulque, an elixir derived from the fermented sap of the maguey agave plant.
It may also be translated as Khan of Khans, equivalent to King of Kings ". Some managed to establish principalities of some importance for a while, as their military might repeatedly proved a serious threat to such empires as China and kingdoms in Central Asia" Wikipeda. One of the earliest notable examples of such principalities in Europe was Danube Bulgaria presumably also Old Great Bulgaria , ruled by a khan or a kan at least from the 7th to the 9th century Wikipeda. The Sibir Khanate was the northernmost Muslim state in recorded history.
In the language of the Maya, the word chan or kan means both sky and snake, and is code for a sky-portal or path at the World Tree, that the gods and ancestral dead travel in their journey in and out of the Underworld. There is a Nahua legend in ancient Mexico of a paradise of "nine heavens" that was dedicated to their god Quetzalcoatl, called Tamoanchan chan where there was a sacred tree that marked the place where the gods were born and where sacred mushrooms and all life derived Hugh Thomas , p.
Borhegyi first noted the significance of the number nine and the nine miniature mushroom stones from Kaminaljuyu with a group of nine deities known as the "Nine Lords of the Night", and gods of the underworld de Borhegyi, S. Describing the contents of the Kaminaljuyu cache: The association of the miniature mushroom stones with the miniature metates and manos greatly strengthens the possibility that at least in some areas in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica metates were used to grind the sacred hallucinatory mushrooms to prepare them for ceremonial consumption.
In Mesoamerica the Nine Lords of the Night, were responsible for guiding the Sun, into the underworld to be sacrificed by ritual decapitation and reborn again as baby jaguar, the new born Sun God. The fear that the gods had destroyed previous creations and that their own world might meet a similar fate, led Maya calendar priests to make calendric and astronomical calculations as precise as those that are made today by modern astronomers. Reed author of The Ancient Past of Mexico, , p. Reed mentions page 27 that the identity of the Toltecs poses one of the most confusing problems in the legendary and documented history of Mexico.
After burning and sacking Teotihuacan the energetic chieftain moved on, seeking a favorable site, finally settling on the southern shore of Lake Texcoco at Culhuacan "The Place of the Turning" or "The Place of the Bent Ancient Ones". They would move back into eastern Europe as the Scyths and Sarmatians, and move east to Xinjiang western China as the Sakas. And they would move into the Iranian plateau where they would become the Persians, Parthians, and Medes George Boeree I believe that I have found sufficient visual evidence from the corpus of existing pre-Columbian art to identify this sacramental food as the hallucinogenic Amanita muscaria mushroom.
Like the Vedic god Soma of Hindu mythology, the Amanita muscaria mushroom of Mesoamerica assumes, from earliest times, the persona of the god itself. In Mesoamerica this god took the form of the underworld "were-jaguar". Hindu texts such as Vishnu Purana mention Shambhala as the birth place of Kalki, the final incarnation of Vishnu who will usher in a new Golden Age. The Prophecy of Shambhala: The Kalachakra prophesies the gradual deterioration of mankind as the ideology of materialism spreads over the earth. The barbarians will attack Shambhala with a huge army equipped with terrible weapons.
The purpose was to bring back the legendary ling chih mushrooms for the ailing emperor. Gunnar Thompson, there were old priests who claimed that they had once tasted the elixir of the gods, and that the effects of the plant had been overwhelming. Surely, the Emperor would have Taoist Masters taste the ling chih in order to assure that the plant was authentic" Thompson, p. Gunnar Thompson writes that when Xu Fu reached Fu-Sang in search of its "food of the gods" the natives traded them baskets filled with mushrooms in exchange for Chinese fen or hemp and iron tools.
The mushrooms "were so plentyful in this region that they were as cheap as a piece of fruit in the public markets. Thompson goes on to write that the chronicles of Shih Chi reported in later years that Xu Fu returned home to the Emperor after spending nearly three years on his Fu Sang expedition. The Emperor was elated to hear that the expedition had returned with the treasures from Fu Sang, only to realize that the most important treasure was missing, there were no mushrooms of immortality.
According to Thompson Xu Fu told the Emperor that the "Immortals from Fu Sang" regard the sacred mushrooms as priceless, and so valuable that they will only allow me to bring back a small chest if I return to Fu Sang with a suitable tribute Thompson, p. Based on official chronicles that were written shortly after these events took place.
The Immortals required the Emperor to send as payment 3, of the most beautiful young men and women of the Dragon Kingdom, and that they must all be skilled in some essential art or craft, such as agriculture, astronomy, and medicine. There would be thirty new ships built and that Xu Fu insisted upon designing these vessels himself. Xu Fu never returned home with the mushrooms of immortality, and the Chinese emperor eventually died in the year B.
The authors of a 1st century BC. According to Thompson, Xu Fu did not trust the Emperor, his advisors warned him that his life would be in jeopardy upon his return, so he absconded with all the wealth and tribute, all the beautiful damsels, and the entire fleet of ships, and that their final assessment was that Xu Fu had made himself a king of Fu Sang Gunnar Thompson , p. According to Wikipeda, who uses the words, "elixir of life", rather than "mushroom of immortality" There were, apparently, two expeditions under Xu Fu , the court sorcerer, to seek the elixir of life.
The first expedition returned c. Archers were then sent to deal with this monster when the expedition set out a second time, but it was never heard from again. I Central Asia, trees symbolize the world center, where heaven and earth touch, at the top of the World Tree. He makes what appears to be the same hand gesture commonly depicted in Hindu and Buddhist art.
The Maya artist encodes what looks to me like three stylized mushroom caps, two as ear plugs associating the sacred mushroom with the number three and the mythical three hearth stones or deities of Maya creation. The photo on the right represents the Hindu goddess Lakshmi, who makes a similar hand gesture. The Hindu goddess Lakshmi holds in her hands what appear to be stylized mushrooms, and she wears a headdress with a symbol that looks very similar to a Fleur de lis symbol.
It means "one who is accomplished". In Jainism , the term is used to refer the liberated souls. Siddha may also refer to one who has attained a siddhi , paranormal capabilities. In Tamil Nadu , South India, a siddha see Siddhar refers to a being who has achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. The ultimate demonstration of this is that siddhas allegedly attained physical immortality.
Thus siddha, like siddhar , refers to a person who has realised the goal of a type of sadhana and become a perfected being. In Tamil Nadu, South India, where the siddha tradition is still practiced, special individuals are recognized as and called siddhas or siddhars or cittars who are on the path to that assumed perfection after they have taken special secret rasayanas to perfect their bodies, in order to be able to sustain prolonged meditation along with a form of pranayama which considerably reduces the number of breaths they take.
Siddha were said to have special powers including flight. It is a term that in early ayurvedic medicine means the science of lengthening lifespan, and in later post 8th-century works sometimes refers to Indian alchemy Wikipeda. Those who have mastered the mushrooms arrive at an extraordinary command of their faculties and muscular movements: I have already suggested that the players had ingested the mushrooms before they entered upon the game. Maya is the power that brings all reality into being as it is perceived by human consciousness. Therefore, all the particular things contained within this material world are products of maya.
Soma Soma , was considered to be the most precious liquid in the universe, and therefore was an indispensable aspect of all Vedic rituals, used in sacrifices to all gods, particularly Indra, the warrior god. Supposedly, gods consumed the beverage in order to sustain their immortality. In this aspect, Soma is similar to the Greek ambrosia cognate to amrita because it was what the gods drank and what helped make them deities. Indra and Agni the divine representation of fire are portrayed as consuming Soma in copious quantities. Excerpt is from New World Encyclopedia.
These relics bear testimony to enduring trade across the Pacific Ocean. It was the psilocybin hallucinogenic mushroom. Despite pop culture associations with this term it must be understood to literally be magic and capable of producing anything from immortality to visionary states to shamanic journeys. Mushroom intoxication, according to Spanish reports gave sorcerers priests or shamans , the power to seemingly change themselves into animals, and that the powerful visions and voices the mushrooms produced were believed to be from God.
The religion of the ancient Olmec was grounded in sacrifice, and the need to offer men, women, and children to the gods. The ritual custom of decapitation and its relationship to the pre-Columbian ball game goes back to Olmec times S. Olmec religion set the tone for many of the future religious beliefs in the New World. The powerful unitary religion of the Olmec, appears to spread quickly throughout the New World with certain elements of the belief system that spread as far as the Andean area of South America.
We know this culture by its powerful art style featuring adult and baby "were-jaguars;" an art style so pervasive that it led the late archaeologist Matthew W. Stirling in to call the Olmec the "people of the jaguar. Seima-Turbino phenomenon refers to a pattern of burial sites dating around BC found across northern Eurasia , from Finland to Mongolia , which has suggested a common point of cultural origin, advanced metal working technology, and unexplained rapid migration.
The buried were nomadic warriors and metal-workers, traveling on horseback or two-wheeled chariots. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Pazyryk culture flourished between the 7th and 3rd century BC in the area associated with the Sacae. Ordinary Pazyryk graves contain only common utensils, but in one, among other treasures, archaeologists found the famous Pazyryk Carpet , the oldest surviving wool-pile oriental rug.
Another striking find, a 3-metre-high four-wheel funerary chariot,[toy chariot] survived well-preserved from the 5th to 4th century BC. Late Classic period A. Transpacific diffusionist Gordon F. Ekholm believes that the wheeled toys were most likely derived from the better-known toy chariot cult, of the Bronze Age Near East B. Ekholm reported the discovery of wheeled effigies American Antiquity that were excavated at the Olmec site of Tres Zapotes in Veracruz, Mexico. Tres Zapotes was an Olmec center boasting Colossal heads that was founded just a few centuries before B.
The Olmec were the first major civilization in Mesoamerica B. Several monuments from the Olmec site of La Venta, Stela 3, Monument 19, and Monument 13 called the "Ambassador" altar with footprint appear to celebrate foreigners, and that foreigners are clearly indicated by their distinctive items of dress Prudence M. The influence of these Olmec ceremonial centers extended in all directions and Olmec culture seemingly laid many of the foundations for the Zapotec, Maya, Teotihuacano, Toltec, Mixtec, and Aztec civilizations that were to follow.
The question remains, of whether the invention of the wheel could have been made independently in both the Old Word and the New World. For documentation of wheeled animal figurines in Mesoamerica see G. Irwin,; , and for documentation of wheeled animal figurines in the Old World see H. The urn portrays a ruler or deity with facial features that appear remarkably similar to those found in the cultures of Asia.
Note the familiar "Olmec snarl" symbolism of a snarling underworld jaguar. The ruler or deity portrayed is crowned with a symbol of rulership that I believe represents a New World version of the Old World Fleur de Lis symbol. Hunnic cauldrons above and below have long claimed the attention of archaeologists because of their mushroom shaped handles, which until , Reinecke were classified as Scythian cauldrons.
Maenchen-Helfen author of The World of the Huns: Studies in their History and Culture pp. Studies in Their History and Culture p. They pursued the animal, but it always stayed ahead of them, leading them westward into Levedia , where they married two princesses and founded the Huns and Hungarian people , the Magyars.
One of the main reasons for claims of religious and cultural ties between Huns and Hungarians is the stag and the brothers Hunor and Magor Wikipeda. The Huns are Hunor's descendants, the Magyars are Magor's. According to Stephan de Borhegyi The Tree of Life, and the Fleur de lis Symbol: In Mesoamerica, as in the Old World, the Tree of Life represents the symbolic center of the earth, the Axis mundi, or pillar of the world. In both Mesoamerica and in the Old World, the royal line of the king was considered to be of divine origin, linked with the Tree of Life.
For reasons that may never be known, the ceremonial use of Amanita muscaria mushrooms and the drinking of Soma, was later replaced in Vedic and Hindu rituals, and Soma's true identity became a mystery. In the Persian sacred texts called the Zend-Avesta, the bible of the Zoroastrians, there is a passage in which Zoroaster asks, when will the practitioners get rid of the "urine of drunkenness" that the priests have been using to delude the people Clark Heinrich , p. This, and another obscue reference to intoxication, has led many to assume that the practice of using haoma was castigated altogether.
As many scholars have pointed out, it is corious that followers of the Gathic teachings would retain, or reintroduce, a practice into the liturgy that was so obviously criticized in the Gathas, while the Gathas themselves formed the core of that liturgy Rose , p. In Aztec and Toltec mythology, Quetzalcoatl was the god-king who came down from the sky to bring humanity sacred mushrooms, and he instructed humans on how to perform blood sacrifices in exchange for immortality. Spanish chronicler Fray Diego Duran writes that war was called xochiyaoyotl which means "Flowery War".
Death to those who died in battle was called xochimiquiztli, meaning "Flowery Death" or "Blissful Death" or "Fortunate Death". Above on the left is the Hindu god Vishnu who in Hindu mythology is the keeper of the universe and one of the triumvirate Trinity along with Brahma, and Shiva. Vishnu is usually depicted with four arms holding the sacred symbols of his power in his hands. Shiva or Siva, the "Auspicious One" is the Supreme being in Hindu religion who creates, protects and transforms the universe. Shiva is p ortrayed above on the right holding an Amanita muscaria mushroom Soma?
Quoting Anthropologist Christian Ratsch The Egyptians called it " raven ' s bread, " a name which it has retained in Central and Eastern Europe to the present day. It was said that Saint Anthony ate this raven's bread before the ancient pagan gods appeared to him as demons. According to legend, fly agarics appeared where the foam from Wotan's horse fell onto the earth. The name raven's bread refers to Wotan's two all-knowing, all-seeing ravens.
According to Graves , the followers of Dionysos consumed fly agaric during the Dionysian festivals and mysteries, for it " bestows enormous physical power, erotic potency, delusional visions, and the gift of prophecy. There is also some evidence that the pre-historic " Beaker People " of Stonehenge, and later the British Celts, used fly agaric in a cultic context from The Dictionary of Sacred and Magical Plants.
Egyptian sandstone carving 18th Dynasty BC , depicting Pharaoh Akhenaton and wife Queen Nefertiti in profile, with hands raised in the air to venerate what appear to be two Amanita muscaria mushrooms. Mushrooms encoded in Christian Art: Note that the image of the cross beneath the crown, once you add the white spots looks very much like an encoded Amanita muscaria mushroom. Wasson noted the recurrence throughout the northern hemisphere of a toad deity associated with the entheogenic mushroom Wasson , p. The Old Testament refers to the act of beheading, and trophy heads Numbers Relic Caskets or Reliquary Caskets: Christian martyrs followed in the footsteps of Jesus and of the first apostles, and those who had died as martyrs were believed to ascend directly to heaven at death, unlike the ordinary believer, who had to wait for the return of Christ,.
Martyrs became the great saints of Christianity, their power after death, enshrined in their relics, helped sustain believers in their faith. Churches put relics under their altars, or encased them in boxes to be displayed behind the altar as a kind of foundation stone for the holiness of the church. King Charlemagne Charles the Great when he took the throne ordered that all altars without relics be destroyed, and that all oaths be sworn on a relic, and that no new saints be introduced Religious Traditions of the World, p.
We are told that these Reliquary Caskets were created to contain the physical remains of saints. Many of these Relic Caskets portray Saint Thomas Becket, the archbishop of Canterbury who was killed, although not decapitated by four knights in Canterbury Cathedral, in London England, on December 29, I found that a closer look at these reliquary caskets may actually reveal encoded Psilocybin mushrooms "Hidden in Plain Sight" as the sacrament of immortality. I also found that many of these reliquary caskets often depict a female in these scenes of ritual decapitation, after drinking a sacred beverage from a chalice that is always depicted in the scene like in the relic box below.
This chalice, like many other relics, was thereby thought to possess the magical powers of immortality. It is likely that the concept of divine immortality via decapitation was inspired by the mushroom ritual itself. The iconography encoded above the entrance to San Stefano Monastery, in Bologna Italy circa 11th 13 th century appears to me to portray a giant bird perched atop what looks like an Amanita muscaria mushroom. The Book of Genesis never mentions apple or forbidden fruit, only the "fruit of knowledge" and the "fruit of everlasting life".
As mentioned earlier, in Siberia and in Mesoamerica going back to Olmec times, the sacred mushrooms evokes an imaginary world of little people more or less the size of mushrooms Wasson p. The figurine above depicting mushroom worship is from the archaeological site of Cerro de Coamiles in Nayarit, Western Mexico. The conical or cone-shaped hat is a trademark attribute of the Mexican god-king Quetzalcoatl and of his priesthood.
The final reason why their calendar was based on this star, which they greatly revered and honored with sacrifices, was because these misguided people believed that when one of their principal gods, called Topiltzin or Quetzalcoatl, died and left this world, he was metamorphosed into that radiant star. Above is a Classic Period Teotihuacan inspired Maya polychrome plate, that depicts at it's center, the Mexican god Tlaloc.
The Mexican god Tlaloc, who represents the Evening Star aspect of Venus, shared the same temple as Quetzalcoatl, who represents the Morning Star aspect of Venus, at the great city of Teotihuacan in highland Mexico. The late Maya archaeologist J. Thompson identified this configuration of five as the quincunx, a variant of the Central Mexican Venus sign.
The symbol of the quincunx is of great antiquity, having been found at the Olmec site of San Lorenzo on Monument 43 dated at B. According to Thompson the idealized Venus cycle always ended on the day 1-Ahau, Milbrath , p. In both Vedic Hindu kalpas and Mesoamerican cosmology Popol Vuh there was the belief in a cyclical creations, a multi-tiered heaven and underworld, deities who reside at the four cardinal directions and its sacred center. The drawing of this petroglyph and others on Easter Island bear a striking resemblance to Venus symbols found in Pre-Columbian art among the ancient Maya depicting the ancient Mesoamerican god Tlaloc.
Scholars have noted very early images of Tlaloc in the archaeological record in Mesoamerica, including ancient rock art, going back to early Olmec times. The painted textile above is from the Chimu culture of Peru, C. The figure is accompanied by two jaguars with spots. Gordon Wasson , , was the first to connect the motif of 'spots' with the Amanita muscaria mushroom cult. The spotted jaguars may symbolize the underworld journey of the deceased, emulating the Sun God in his daily journey into the Underworld.
The esoteric association of mushrooms and jaguar transformation was earlier noted by ethno-archaeologist Peter Furst Lake Titicaca is a large body of water lying high in the Andes Mountains at an altitude of over 12, feet. The ancient ruins of Tiahuanaco located near the shores of Lake Titicaca is considered one of the earliest pre-Columbian cultures which developed in the high altitude of the Andes. The Viracochas, they said, were a divine race of White men with beards.
They were so like the Spanish that the Europeans were called Viracochas the moment they came to the Inca Empire. The Incas thought they were the Viracochas who had come sailing back across the Pacific. According to the principal Inca legend, before the reign of the first Inca, The White men had abandoned their pyramids and statues and gone with the leader, Con-Ticci Viracocha, first up to Cuzco, and then down to the Pacific.
They were given the Inca name of Viracocha, or "sea foam', because they were white skinned and vanished like foam over the sea. The photo above of the tallest and most noticeable monument at the Inca ruins of Chucuito in Peru, does appear to resembling a penis, however I would argue that the surrouning stone statues actually do represent mushrooms, some of which appear to have been ritually decapitated. The mushroom ritual was probably timed astronomically to the period of inferior conjunction of the planet Venus.
It then rises before the sun, thereby appearing to resurrect the sun from the underworld as the Morning Star. For this reason mushroom induced bloodletting rituals were likely performed in caves, which I suspect was timed to a ritual calendar linked to the movements of the planet Venus as both a Morning Star and Evening Star. The author also pulls his punches with the scarey and yucky stuff, "I can't describe it for you because it was too horrible" and the like What's the point if you can't write it?
Ultimately though this guy suffers from the classic newbie error of writing about something rather than revealing it through the eyes of the characters, so there's a huge amount of info-dump and explainy explainy. Someone needs to tell Mr Jack a the cardinal rule of great writing, "Show don't tell". Apr 18, Lois Bujold rated it really liked it Recommends it for: I picked this up because it kept getting cross-recommendations with Ben Aaronovitch's Rivers of London series. It has some tropes in common: I think it could have something of the same relationship for me as Krentz's books do for Crusie's, methadone while waiting for a slower and more sophisticated writer.
I suspect Jacka is somewhat younger than Aaronovitch. I'd probably have given this 3 stars, except a minor spear-carrier named " I picked this up because it kept getting cross-recommendations with Ben Aaronovitch's Rivers of London series. I'd probably have given this 3 stars, except a minor spear-carrier named "Barrayar" flitted across the page at one point, which amused me.
The naive character, whether main or not, who needs everything explained is an invaluable addition to many kinds of narratives, I must say. Jacka has a rather charming secondary character, Luna, who serves some of this function. Alex Verus runs a magic shop another excellent old trope that gives excuse for several kinds of fun in London, partly as cover for his other activities. Alex's particular talent is as a seer, with an interestingly limited ability to see into the future.
This is not always as much help as could be hoped, and so thereby hangs the tale. Since a lot of other powerful and not necessarily nice magical people would like to make use of this talent on behalf of their own agendas, bringing the plot to him, Alex frequently gets to be hero and maguffin in one. Luna, too, has unusual powers with decided downsides requiring clever work-arounds. The magical and other world-building feels a trifle generic in this first novel of the series, and I'm not entirely sure why, since there are plenty of inventive details. I rather liked the concept of the sociopathic mages.
It may all grow more complex as the series wends on, which I am inclined to give it a chance to do. Fated is a fantastic debut novel. This is what urban fantasy can accomplish, taking fantasy concepts and giving them a new spin in a modern setting. Jacka uses the concept of an age-old war between Dark and Light Mages and sets it in contemporary London. While many will think of Dresden and recommend this to fans of that great series, I don't even think it's fair to compare them outside of the fact that they are both male POV urban fantasy novels with magical protagonists.
Jacka writes his own b Fated is a fantastic debut novel. Jacka writes his own book here, and I loved him for it. Yes, it does have the somewhat smart-alecky, down on his luck magical protagonist, but actually Alex Verus and Harry Dresden couldn't be more different.
Ignorance always manifests sin. Beneath us were rolling green hills. It would have been found a week or two ago" "What's a week? There are no new prophets after Gods Holy Word was complete. The Dark Side of Freemasonry, he writes that while Christians know full well that the sacred name of God is Jesus, the Mason is at first denied knowledge of the sacred name of their God and then belatedly finds out that the name of the Mason deity is definitely not Jesus, the name above every other name Philippians 2:
While I am not a big fan of witchcraft themes in urban fantasy, I love the idea of modern-day mages and magic-users. This book is for those who like to see the magical battles without all the spellwork and spellcasting along with it. And the one thing that felt so refreshing and delightfully distinct was the fact that Alex is a Diviner. His main ability is to see the future and shift through possible outcomes and choose the best one for his situation. His strength is his ability to assess the situation and choose wisely. He will be the first to admit that he's often out-numbered and our-powered by his adversaries, but that just makes me more loyal and root for him all the more.
Because of the fact that he has been the punching bag, Alex has a lot of humility and grace for those who aren't strong. I respected his sense of right and wrong, even if he's not exactly what you'd call a Boy Scout. Luna is an interesting secondary character. I felt for her situation, and I have a feeling that her relationship with Alex will continue to be pivotal in this series.
In some ways, they aren't that different. Both isolated and ostracized for being different. They have a strong connection, even just on that level. I found the storyline very interesting. Alex having to navigate through shark-infested waters of political and physically violent power struggles between Dark and Light Mages.
Jacka endows his world with a lot of weight and texture. He takes the urban fantasy genre is a much needed different direction. Instead of treading on the overtrodden territory of vampires, werewolves and even faerie, he focuses on magic users and not the kind you usually see in urban fantasy novels. I found his insights into the social dynamics of Dark Mages quite enlightening and it felt very realistic.
Although he doesn't dwell on it, there are some very disturbing and dark no pun intended aspects to their concept of power and how it's obtained and used. This took a while to read because the print in my copy was tiny! But that doesn't mean I was bored. I was too sucked in to feel boredom. Urban fantasy is one of my favorite genres, so I do have high expectations, but this one exceeded those nicely. I was drawn into this world whenever I picked up the book to read, and I will definitely read more of this series. I highly recommend this to fans of urban fantasy, especially those looking for something different!
View all 5 comments. Apr 09, Kelly H. Maybedog rated it really liked it Shelves: The quote on the cover is by none other than Jim Butcher himself claiming that Harry Dresden would like the main character Alex Verus and be a little nervous around him. I'm not surprised that Butcher likes the book. It's got a very similar feel, almost too much so. The council is pathetic and he's on the outs with them anyway, dark mages are the evil force, there are young women to protect, etc. So it was enjoyable from the beginning.
Verus is mildly amusing, though nothing like Dresden.
His mag The quote on the cover is by none other than Jim Butcher himself claiming that Harry Dresden would like the main character Alex Verus and be a little nervous around him. His magical gift is very well described and used and really works in an urban fantasy setting. The main character is very fleshed out and likeable, although his sense of morality is a little unclear through much of the book. But this is well done and Jacka shows a lot more than he tells.
The plot is interesting and moves quickly but for much of the book, Verus seems weak and powerless. There would be an action sequence that lasts a page or even a couple of paragraphs and then it would be over. However, the final battle is really good and well-played. My one major problem with the book is that it is really quite sexist in a not-in-your-face way. The rest consist of a giant spider who is into fashion and two weak and tortured slaves who are just fodder to prove how evil the bad guy is.
There is one other woman from his past who I think had power but not as strong as the two boys were and there is no description of her strength. Plus she was only there for a few pages. The only other female is central to the plot but she is weak and confused and has to be saved time after time right up to the end. What redeems him is that the author sets it up so that it looks like the central woman is probably going to grow strong and powerful throughout the next book.
All in all, a good first novel and I am eager to read the next one. View all 11 comments. Aug 12, Jilly rated it liked it Shelves: Alex is a mage, a seer. He owns a shop in London and sells things like crystal balls and herbs. He tries to keep a low profile in a world with dark and light forces in the magical realm. The majority of mages rely on word of mouth, though younger mages use the internet. I've even heard of one guy in Chicago who advertises in the phone book under "Wizard" though that's probably an urban legend.
I'm thinking, coool, I like Harry. He's hilarious and sarcastic. I ho Alex is a mage, a seer. I hope Alex is like him. So, the majority of this book is info-dumping. Every little thing has to be explained like crazy, given a history on, and told about in detail. I don't mind that too much for a first book that is trying to set-up a world of magic. So, I could deal with that even though I was bored out of my mind several times.
The problem is that this book is like a kid coming to show and tell and not actually having anything to show. They just tell us about something they may or may not have at home. It's skipping the part that we want the most - showing. Nobody likes the "tell" part. Show us something good! An evil dude tortures a girl for disloyalty and Alex is forced to watch this happen in a torture chamber.
He tells us the names of a few medieval torture devices that we have heard of cringe , but then the girl is forced upon another device without a familiar name: I'm not going to describe what an agoniser does. You don't want to know. After the first sixty seconds I couldn't watch anymore. Later the girl is a "weeping heap of bloody rags", but we have no idea what happened to her. He assures us that we don't want to know, but that is the surest way for me to want to know something. He doesn't know me! He doesn't know my life! How dare he tell me that he won't tell me what an agoniser is!
So, of course I googled it. There is no such device as an agoniser. I found out that it is the name of a rock band. So, now, I am forever in suspended curiosity of what the hell happened to poor Lisa! Later, a guy is killed and the remark is that he is just a pile of ash. How did he become a pile of ash? This was a major evil villain in the book, but he was killed behind the scenes somewhere without us getting the satisfaction of being "shown" what happened. All I'm saying is a little less history of every single person and magical object and a little more description of the action would be nice.
But, in spite of these things, I still liked the book enough to see if the second will get better now that we have a firm grasp of Alex's world. If anyone knows what an agoniser is, please let me know asap. So far, I have come up with these ideas: Jun 14, Carly rated it liked it Shelves: Need I say more? I can certainly see why it appeals to fans of The Dresden Files --there are quite a few similarities, especially to Harry's earlier adventures.
Due to my disapproval of GR's new and highly subjective review deletion policy, the rest of my long, rather cranky review is posted over here at Booklikes. View all 21 comments. Aug 22, Michael Britt rated it did not like it. Due to Verus being able to see into almost every possible outcome to almost every possible future, to an extent, there just wasn't any tension to be given to the plot.
I actually gained some of Verus' powers and was able to divine the future. I saw that no matter the outcome, I was just going to not care. Sadly, I couldn't connect with the Actual rating: Sadly, I couldn't connect with the characters and that was probably the thing that ruined my enjoyment most of all. I did give it an extra. I might give book 2 a shot but it's highly unlikely at this time. I couldn't shake the feeling that this book is basically Harry Dresden in London. But in many ways, it's what I wanted from Storm Front: Dresden's world and magic minus Dresden himself.
Review moved to https: Jul 05, Charlie rated it it was amazing Shelves: I've had this book on my shelf for years and I wish I'd read it sooner, it was superb. I used to read an absolute ton of urban fantasy but in the last few years Ive read more epic and YA fantasy and I've only really got back into UF in the last year or so. This book has reminded me why I love urban fantasy, it's gritty yet magical and definitely a fun ride.
I adored Alex and co, he's bad ass without being ridiculously overpowered and his friendships felt honest. The supporting characters 5 stars! The supporting characters were fun too and I'm excited to read more of their adventures in future books.
View all 3 comments. Jul 09, Laura Kyahgirl added it Shelves: I have had this book in my tbr for a long time so when I saw the audiobook on Hoopla I gave it a go. I listened for three hours then put it away. There was nothing really wrong besides the fact that the main guy talked too much and nothing really caught my interest except for the giant spider. A lot of people really love this one so don't take my word for it. Its just missing something that my book palate requires, which I think could be defined as human relations or connectivity.
Apr 02, Lesa Divine rated it liked it Shelves: A enjoyed urban fantasy tale. Alex a mage with foresight abilities. He isn't no dark mage nor do he concern himself to be part of the light made he rather be left alone to sale in his special store. But when he's asked to use his gift by dark and light he ends up trying to fight for his life and a friend's life that gets mixed up in the drama.
Just a quick okay tale. Jul 30, Eric rated it liked it Shelves: Fated kicks off an urban fantasy series starring Alex Verus, a mage running a magic shop in London. Verus is a diviner, which gives him the ability to see into various possible futures. That all changes when he is pulled into a job to recover an ancient artifact, one that 3. That all changes when he is pulled into a job to recover an ancient artifact, one that could change the current balance of power between the various mage factions.
There was a lot to like in this book. It was a quick read that kept things moving well. The worldbuilding was interesting, with a lot of different touches thrown in, introducing the reader to the various mages and their abilities, magical creatures, elementals, old mage wars, and more. As someone who loves fantasy lore, I eat up that kind of thing. The main character had a clever twist, too. As a diviner, Verus is in an interesting position, as the ability to see into possible futures is a powerful tool, but in terms of raw strength it pales in comparison to most other mages, creating an unique dynamic when Verus is confronted and forced to fight.
Despite all the good, there were a few drawbacks too. The writing itself was pretty plain and utilitarian. Speaking of characters, they showed a lot of promise and there was some depth, but this felt very much like an introduction, and none of them left a particularly strong impression, at least not yet.
Overall, this was a promising start to a series. There were some minor issues, but nothing to keep me from moving on and giving the second book a shot. There were enough things to like to make me curious to see where the series develops from here. Jul 07, Nikki rated it liked it Shelves: Looking for a less sexist, more British Harry Dresden? Or a less police officer-y Peter Grant? Except with the interesting note that the protagonist of Fated is a seer: I was wondering how well that could be pulled off in narration, but actually, Jacka handles it pretty well, and it never gets confusing or tedious.
There are some cool powers and characters that could get very interesting with more development. Which is odd, because normally things with too many legs freak me out… Some of the supporting characters, like Helikaon, just seemed… superfluous. This book started off great, I was excited to keep reading.
I liked the characters, I liked the world. Then all of a sudden I found myself able to easily put it down. I don't know why, but the story just didn't grip me in the same way. As to the Chaldeans, they assuredly got their primitive learning from the Brahmans, for Rawlinson shows an undeniably Vedic influence in the early mythology of Babylon; and Col.
Vans Kennedy has long since justly declared that Babylonia was, from her origin, the seat of Sanskrit and Brahman learning.
But all such proofs must lose their value, in the presence of the latest theory worked out by Prof. What it is everyone knows. Wilford had heard from him about Adam and Abraham, Noah and his three sons, etc. Thus, while new discoveries are daily made of great arts and sciences having existed far back in the night of time, even the knowledge of writing is refused to some of the most ancient nations, and they are credited with barbarism instead of culture. Yet the traces of an immense civilization, even in Central Asia, are still to be found. This civilization is undeniably prehistoric.
And how can there be civilization without a literature, in some form, without annals or chronicles? Common sense alone ought to supplement the broken links in the history of departed nations. The Eastern and Central portions of those regions—the Nan-Schayn and the Altyne-taga—were once upon a time covered with cities that could well vie with Babylon. A whole geological period has swept over the land, since those cities breathed their last, as the mounds of shifting sand, and the sterile and now dead soil of the immense central plains of the basin of Tarim testify.
The borderlands alone are superficially known to the traveller. Within those table-lands of sand there is water, and fresh oases are found blooming there, wherein no European foot has ever yet ventured, or trodden the now treacherous soil. Among these verdant oases there are some which are entirely inaccessible even to the native profane traveller. Built deep in the bowels of the earth, the subterranean stores are secure; and as their entrances are concealed in such oases, there is little fear that anyone should discover them, even should several armies invade the sandy wastes where—.
There, some 3, human beings represent the relics of about a hundred extinct nations and races—the very names of which are now unknown to our ethnologists. An anthropologist would feel more than embarrassed to class, divide and subdivide them; the more so, as the respective descendants of all these antediluvian races and tribes known as little of their own forefathers themselves, as if they had fallen from the moon.
When questioned about their origin, they reply that they know not whence their fathers had come, but had heard that their first or earliest men were ruled by the great genii of these deserts. This may be put down to ignorance and superstition, yet in view of the teachings of the Secret Doctrine, the answer may be based upon primeval tradition.
Alone, the tribe of Khoorassan claims to have come from what is now known as Afghanistan, long before the days of Alexander, and brings legendary lore to that effect as corroboration. The Russian traveller, Colonel now General Prjevalsky, found quite close to the oasis of Tchertchen, the ruins of two enormous cities, the oldest of which was, according to local tradition, ruined 3, years ago by a hero and giant; and the other by the Mongolians in the tenth century of our era.
The natives often find copper and gold coins, melted silver, ingots, diamonds, and turquoises, and what is the most remarkable—broken glass. The male mummies are all extremely tall powerfully built men with long waving hair. A vault was found with twelve dead men sitting in it. Another time, in a separate coffin, a young girl was discovered by us. Her eyes were closed with golden discs, and the jaws held firm by a golden circlet running from under the chin across the top of the head. To this, the famous traveller adds that all along their way on the river Tchertchen they heard legends about twenty-three towns buried ages ago by the shifting sands of the deserts.
The same tradition exists on the Lob-nor and in the oasis of Kerya. The traces of such civilization, and these and like traditions, give us the right to credit other legendary lore warranted by well educated and learned natives of India and Mongolia, when they speak of immense libraries reclaimed from the sand, together with various reliques of ancient MAGIC lore, which have all been safely stowed away. The Secret Doctrine was the universally diffused religion of the ancient and prehistoric world. Proofs of its diffusion, authentic records of its history, a complete chain of documents, showing its character and presence in every land, together with the teaching of all its great adepts, exist to this day in the secret crypts of libraries belonging to the Occult Fraternity.
This statement is rendered more credible by a consideration of the following facts: There were portions of the Secret science that for incalculable ages had to remain concealed from the profane gaze. But this was because to impart to the unprepared multitude secrets of such tremendous importance, was equivalent to giving a child a lighted candle in a powder magazine. The answer to a question which has frequently arisen in the minds of students, when meeting with statements such as this, may be outlined here. Keely, of Philadelphia, but we cannot understand how any danger could arise from the revelation of such a purely philosophic doctrine, as, e.
Doctrines such as the planetary chain, or the seven races, at once give a clue to the seven-fold nature of man, for each principle is correlated to a plane, a planet, and a race; and the human principles are, on every plane, correlated to seven-fold occult forces—those of the higher planes being of tremendous power. So that any septenary division at once gives a clue to tremendous occult powers, the abuse of which would cause incalculable evil to humanity. A clue, which is, perhaps, no clue to the present generation—especially the Westerns—protected as they are by their very blindness and ignorant materialistic disbelief in the occult; but a clue which would, nevertheless, have been very real in the early centuries of the Christian era, to people fully convinced of the reality of occultism, and entering a cycle of degradation, which made them rife for abuse of occult powers and sorcery of the worst description.
The documents were concealed, it is true, but the knowledge itself and its actual existence had never been made a secret of by the Hierophants of the Temple, wherein M YSTERIES have ever been made a discipline and stimulus to virtue. This is very old news, and was repeatedly made known by the great adepts, from Pythagoras and Plato down to the Neoplatonists.
It was the new religion of the Nazarenes that wrought a change for the worse—in the policy of centuries. Moreover, there is a well-known fact, a very curious one, corroborated to the writer by a reverend gentleman attached for years to a Russian Embassy—namely, that there are several documents in the St.
Imperial Libraries to show that, even so late as during the days when Freemasonry, and Secret Societies of Mystics flourished unimpeded in Russia, i. And more than one returned years later, with a rich store of such information as could never have been given him anywhere in Europe. Several cases could be cited, and well-known names brought forward, but for the fact that such publicity might annoy the surviving relatives of the said late Initiates. Let any one look over the Annals and History of Freemasonry in the archives of the Russian metropolis, and he will assure himself of the fact stated.
This is a corroboration of that which has been stated many times before, and, unfortunately, too indiscreetly. Instead of benefiting humanity, the virulent charges of deliberate invention and imposture with a purpose thrown at those who asserted but a truthful, if even a little known fact, have only generated bad Karma for the slanderers. But now the mischief is done, and truth should no longer be denied, whatever the consequences. Is it a new religion, we are asked?
By no means; it is not a religion, nor is its philosophy new; for, as already stated, it is as old as thinking man. Its tenets are not now published for the first time, but have been cautiously given out to, and taught by, more than one European Initiate—especially by the late Ragon. More than one great scholar has stated that there never was a religious founder, whether Aryan, Semitic or Turanian, who had invented a new religion, or revealed a new truth.
These founders were all transmitters, not original teachers. They were the authors of new forms and interpretations, while the truths upon which the latter were based were as old as mankind. Selecting one or more of those grand verities—actualities visible only to the eye of the real Sage and Seer—out of the many orally revealed to man in the beginning, preserved and perpetuated in the adyta of the temples through initiation, during the M YSTERIES and by personal transmission—they revealed these truths to the masses. Thus every nation received in its turn some of the said truths, under the veil of its own local and special symbolism; which, as time went on, developed into a more or less philosophical cultus, a Pantheon in mythical disguise.
Therefore is Confucius, a very ancient. I cannot create new things. I believe in the ancients and therefore I love them. The writer loves them too, and therefore believes in the ancients, and the modern heirs to their Wisdom. And believing in both, she now transmits that which she has received and learnt herself to all those who will accept it. As to those who may reject her testimony,—i. Agreeably with the rules of critical scholarship, the Orientalist has to reject a priori whatever evidence he cannot fully verify for himself. And how can a Western scholar accept on hearsay that which he knows nothing about?
Indeed, that which is given in these volumes is selected from oral, as much as from written teachings. This first installment of the esoteric doctrines is based upon Stanzas, which are the records of a people unknown to ethnology; it is claimed that they are written in a tongue absent from the nomenclature of languages and dialects with which philology is acquainted; they are said to emanate from a source Occultism repudiated by science; and, finally, they are offered through an agency, incessantly discredited before the world by all those who hate unwelcome truths, or have some special hobby of their own to defend.
Therefore, the rejection of these teachings may be expected, and must be accepted beforehand. They will be derided and rejected a priori in this century; but only in this one. For in the twentieth century of our era scholars will begin to recognize that the Secret Doctrine has neither been invented nor exaggerated, but, on the contrary, simply outlined; and finally, that its teachings antedate the Vedas. Every century an attempt is being made to show the world that Occultism is no vain superstition. Once the door permitted to be kept a little ajar, it will be opened wider with every new century.
The times are ripe for a more serious knowledge than hitherto permitted, though still very limited, so far. The same will be said of the Secret Archaic Doctrine, when proofs are given of its undeniable existence and records. But it will take centuries before much more is given from it. We will give it but one turn, and thereby allow the profane one glimpse into the mystery. Happy he, who understands the whole! In those days the writer hardly knew the language in which the work was written, and the disclosure of many things, freely spoken about now, was forbidden.
Alex Verus is part of a world hidden in plain sight, running a magic shop in London. I was intro'd to Urban Fantasy by the Harry Dresden books and ( frankly) since I Warning!: This review contains the usual random fanart and pointless comics I actually gained some of Verus' powers and was able to divine the future. walk on water.1 Exegesis of the pericope of Jesus' walking on the water is 1, 1 – (WBC 34A; Dallas: Word Books, ), ; William . for gods, god-gifted rulers, and divine men walking on the sea This, .. Isaiah, in a warning to At the sight of what the disciples believed was a ghost, “they cried out; for all.
In Century the Twentieth some disciple more informed, and far better fitted, may be sent by the Masters of Wisdom to give final and irrefutable proofs that there exists a Science called Gupta-Vidya; and that, like the once-mysterious sources of the Nile, the source of all religions and philosophies now known to the world has been for many ages forgotten and lost to men, but is at last found. Such a work as this has to be introduced with no simple Preface, but with a volume rather; one that would give facts, not mere disquisitions, since the S ECRET D OCTRINE is not a treatise, or a series of vague theories, but contains all that can be given out to the world in this century.
It would be worse than useless to publish in these pages even those. Such statements as will now be made, have to be shown warranted by various authorities: The writer will have to give historical and trustworthy names, and to cite well-known authors, ancient and modern, of recognized ability, good judgment, and truthfulness, as also to name some of the famous proficients in the secret arts and science, along with the mysteries of the latter, as they are divulged, or, rather, partially presented before the public in their strange archaic form.
How is this to be done? What is the best way for achieving such an object? To make our plan clearer, an illustration may be attempted. When a tourist coming from a well-explored country, suddenly reaches the borderland of a terra incognita, hedged in, and shut out from view by a formidable barrier of impassable rocks, he may still refuse to acknowledge himself baffled in his exploratory plans. Ingress beyond is forbidden. But, if he cannot visit the mysterious region personally, he may still find a means of examining it from as short a distance as can be arrived at.
Helped by his knowledge of landscapes left behind him, he can get a general and pretty correct idea of the transmural view, if he will only climb to the loftiest summit of the altitudes in front of him. Once there, he can gaze at it, at his leisure, comparing that which he dimly perceives with that which he has just left below, now that he is, thanks to his efforts, beyond the line of the mists and the cloud-capped cliffs.
Such a point of preliminary observation, for those who would like to get a more correct understanding of the mysteries of the pre-archaic periods given in the texts, cannot be offered to them in these two volumes. In that volume a brief recapitulation will be made of all the principal adepts known to history, and the downfall of the mysteries will be described; after which began the disappearance and final and systematic elimination from the memory of men of the real nature of initiation and the Sacred Science.
From that time its teachings became Occult, and Magic sailed but too often under the venerable but frequently misleading name of Hermetic philosophy. As real Occultism had been prevalent among the Mystics during the centuries that preceded our era, so Magic, or rather Sorcery, with its Occult Arts, followed the beginning of Christianity.
However great and zealous the fanatical efforts, during those early centuries, to obliterate every trace of the mental and intellectual labour of the Pagans, it was a failure; but the same spirit of the dark demon of bigotry and intolerance has perverted systematically and ever since, every bright page written in the pre-Christian periods. Even in her uncertain records, history has preserved enough of that which has survived to throw an impartial light upon the whole. Let, then, the reader tarry a little while with the writer, on the spot of observation selected.
He is asked to give all his attention to that millennium which divided the pre-Christian and the post-Christian periods, by the year O NE of the Nativity. Truth can never be killed; hence the failure to sweep away entirely from the face of the earth every vestige of that ancient Wisdom, and to shackle and gag every witness who testified to it. Let one only think of the thousands, and perhaps millions, of MSS. Both creeds have won their proselytes at the point of the sword; both have built their churches on heaven-kissing hecatombs of human victims.
Over the gateway of Century I. Wise is he who holds to the golden mid-point, who believes in the eternal justice of things. On the day of resurrection both Muhammadans and Christians will see the vanity of their religious doctrines. Much of what was in I SIS could hardly be understood by theosophists in those days. The Secret Doctrine will now throw light on many a problem left unsolved in the first work, especially on the opening pages, which have never been understood.
Concerned simply with the philosophies within our historical times and the respective symbolism of the fallen nations, only a hurried glance could be thrown at the panorama of Occultism in the two volumes of Isis. In the present work, detailed Cosmogony and the evolution of the four races that preceded our Fifth race Humanity are given, and now two large volumes explain that which was stated on the first page of I SIS U NVEILED alone, and in a few allusions scattered hither and thither throughout that work.
Therefore, the present attempt to elucidate some mysteries of the Esoteric philosophy has, in truth, nothing to do with the earlier work. As an instance, the writer must be allowed to illustrate what is said. It is the only original copy now in existence. The most ancient Hebrew document on occult learning—the Siphrah Dzeniouta—was compiled from it, and that at a time when the former was already considered in the light of a literary relic.
As it approaches nearer and nearer to our planet, the Emanation becomes more and more shadowy, until upon touching the ground it is as black as night. Tradition says, that it was taken down in Senzar, the secret sacerdotal tongue, from the words of the Divine Beings, who dictated it to the sons of Light, in Central Asia, at the very beginning of the 5th our race; for there was a time when its language the Sen-zar was known to the Initiates of every nation, when the forefathers of the Toltec understood it as easily as the inhabitants of the lost Atlantis, who inherited it, in their turn, from the sages of the 3rd Race, the Manushis, who learnt it direct from the Devas of the 2nd and 1st Races.
The illustration is symbolical, as every one can well understand, and covers the ground from the beginning. The old book, having described Cosmic Evolution and explained the origin of everything on earth, including physical man, after giving the true history of the races from the First down to the Fifth our race, goes no further.
But there exists another book. Franck, quoting from the Babylonian Talmud, names two other thaumaturgists, Rabbis Chanina and Oshoi. In about nine years hence, the first cycle of the first five millenniums, that began with the great cycle of the Kali-Yuga, will end. And then the last prophecy contained in that book the first volume of the prophetic record for the Black Age will be accomplished.
We have not long to wait, and many of us will witness the Dawn of the New Cycle, at the end of which not a few accounts will be settled and squared between the races. One more important point must be noticed, one that stands foremost in the series of proofs given of the existence of one primeval, universal Wisdom—at any rate for the Christian Kabalists and students. The teachings were, at least, partially known to several of the Fathers of the Church.
It is maintained, on purely historical grounds, that Origen, Synesius, and even Clemens Alexandrinus, had been themselves initiated into the mysteries before adding to the Neo-Platonism of the Alexandrian school, that of the Gnostics, under the Christian veil. More than this, some of the doctrines of the Secret schools—though by no means all—were preserved in the Vatican, and have since become part and parcel of the mysteries, in the shape of disfigured additions made to the original Christian programme by the Latin Church. Such is the now materialised dogma of the Immaculate Conception.
This accounts for the great persecutions set on foot by the Roman Catholic Church against Occultism, Masonry, and heterodox mysticism generally. The days of Constantine were the last turning-point in history, the period of the Supreme struggle that ended in the Western world throttling the old religions in favour of the new one, built on their bodies. Every issue was blocked up, every record that hands could be laid upon, destroyed. Yet there remains enough, even among such mutilated records, to warrant us in saying that there is in them every possible evidence of the actual existence of a Parent Doctrine.
Fragments have survived geological and political cataclysms to tell the story; and every survival shows evidence that the now Secret Wisdom was once the. This accounts for the necessity under which the writer has laboured to be ever explaining the facts given from the hoariest Past by evidence gathered from the historical period. No other means was at hand, at the risk even of being once more charged with a lack of method and system.
The public must be made acquainted with the efforts of many World-adepts, of initiated poets, writers, and classics of every age, to preserve in the records of Humanity the Knowledge of the existence, at least, of such a philosophy, if not actually of its tenets. The Initiates of would indeed remain incomprehensible and ever a seemingly impossible myth, were not like Initiates shown to have lived in every other age of history.
This could be done only by naming Chapter and Verse where may be found mention of these great characters, who were preceded and followed by a long and interminable line of other famous Antediluvian and Postdiluvian Masters in the arts. Thus only could be shown, on semi-traditional and semi-historical authority, that knowledge of the Occult and the powers it confers on man, are not altogether fictions, but that they are as old as the world itself.
Nor shall I condescend to notice those crack-brained slanderers—fortunately very few in number—who, hoping to attract public attention by throwing discredit on every writer whose name is better known than their own, foam and bark at their very shadows. You can only ignore them, and no more. We may close with a parting word concerning this Volume I. Every reader will inevitably judge the statements made from the stand-point of his own knowledge, experience, and consciousness, based on what he has already learnt. This fact the writer is constantly obliged to bear in mind: The errors of the day must be explained and swept away, yet it is more than probable—and in the present case it amounts to certitude—that once more the testimony of long ages and of history will fail to impress anyone but the very intuitional—which is equal to saying the very few.
But in this as in all like cases, the true and the faithful may console themselves by presenting the sceptical modern Sadducee with the mathematical proof and memorial of his obdurate obstinacy and bigotry. There still exists somewhere in the archives of the French Academy, the famous law of probabilities worked out by an algebraical process for the benefit of sceptics by certain mathematicians.
If two persons give their evidence to. If three such evidences are joined together the certitude will become The Occultist may remain satisfied, and care for no more. A N Archaic Manuscript — a collection of palm leaves made impermeable to water, fire, and air, by some specific unknown process — is before the writer's eye. On the first page is an immaculate white disk within a dull black ground.
On the following page, the same disk, but with a central point. The first, the student knows to represent Kosmos in Eternity, before the re-awakening of still slumbering Energy, the emanation of the Word in later systems. The point in the hitherto immaculate Disk, Space and Eternity in Pralaya, denotes the dawn of differentiation. The one circle is divine Unity, from which all proceeds, whither all returns. Its circumference — a forcibly limited symbol, in view of the limitation of the human mind — indicates the abstract, ever incognisable PRESENCE , and its plane, the Universal Soul, although the two are one.
Only the face of the Disk being white and the ground all around black, shows clearly that its plane is the only knowledge, dim and hazy though it still is, that is attainable by man. The "Unconscious," according to von Hartmann, arrived at the vast creative, or rather Evolutionary Plan, "by a clairvoyant wisdom superior to all consciousness," which in the Vedantic language would mean absolute Wisdom. Only those who realize how far Intuition soars above the tardy processes of ratiocinative thought can form the faintest conception of that absolute Wisdom which transcends the ideas of Time and Space.
Mind, as we know it, is resolvable into states of consciousness, of varying duration, intensity, complexity, etc. Sensation, again, necessarily postulates limitation. The personal God of orthodox Theism perceives, thinks, and is affected by emotion; he repents and feels "fierce anger. The conceptions of a Personal God as changeless and infinite are thus unpsychological and, what is worse, unphilosophical. It is the ONE LIFE , eternal, invisible, yet Omnipresent, without beginning or end, yet periodical in its regular manifestations, between which periods reigns the dark mystery of non-Being; unconscious, yet absolute Consciousness; unrealizable, yet the one self-existing reality; truly, "a chaos to the sense, a Kosmos to the reason.
That which is motionless cannot be Divine. But then there is nothing in fact and reality absolutely motionless within the universal soul. Almost five centuries B. Leucippus, the instructor of Democritus, maintained that Space was filled eternally with atoms actuated by a ceaseless motion, the latter generating in due course of time, when those atoms aggregated, rotatory motion, through mutual collisions producing lateral movements. Epicurus and Lucretius taught the same, only adding to the lateral motion of the atoms the idea of affinity — an occult teaching. From the beginning of man's inheritance, from the first appearance of the architects of the globe he lives in, the unrevealed Deity was recognized and considered under its only philosophical aspect — universal motion, the thrill of the creative Breath in Nature.
Occultism sums up the "One Existence" thus: It is only with reference to the intra-cosmic soul, the ideal Kosmos in the immutable Divine Thought, that we may say: A few years ago only, it was stated that: The latter is either "awake" or "asleep. Is it a substance? Then you are believers in a Personal God? This will be answered farther on, in the Addendum to this Book; meanwhile, we claim our rights of Conceptionalists as against Roscelini's materialistic views of Realism and Nominalism.
See " Science and the Emotions. The former will allow of no other God than the personified secondary powers which have worked out the visible universe, and which became with them the anthropomorphic God of the Christians — the male Jehovah, roaring amid thunder and lightning.
If we take a one-sided view of the philosophy of the latter, our materialists may be right in their own way. The Buddhists maintained that there is no Creator, but an infinitude of creative powers, which collectively form the one eternal substance, the essence of which is inscrutable — hence not a subject for speculation for any true philosopher. Socrates invariably refused to argue upon the mystery of universal being, yet no one would ever have thought of charging him with atheism, except those who were bent upon his destruction.
Upon inaugurating an active period, says the Secret Doctrine, an expansion of this Divine essence from without inwardly and from within outwardly, occurs in obedience to eternal and immutable law, and the phenomenal or visible universe is the ultimate result of the long chain of cosmical forces thus progressively set in motion.
In like manner, when the passive condition is resumed, a contraction of the Divine essence takes place, and the previous work of creation is gradually and progressively undone. The visible universe becomes disintegrated, its material dispersed; and 'darkness' solitary and alone, broods once more over the face of the 'deep. This process has been going on from all eternity, and our present universe is but one of an infinite series, which had no beginning and will have no end.
This passage will be explained, as far as it is possible, in the present work. Though, as it now stands, it contains nothing new to the Orientalist, its esoteric interpretation may contain a good deal which has hitherto remained entirely unknown to the Western student. The first illustration being a plain disc the second one in the Archaic symbol shows , a disc with a point in it — the first differentiation in the periodical manifestations of the ever-eternal nature, sexless and infinite "Aditi in THAT " Rig Veda , the point in the disc, or potential Space within abstract Space.
In its third stage the point is transformed into a diameter, thus It now symbolises a divine immaculate Mother-Nature within the all-embracing absolute Infinitude. When the diameter line is crossed by a vertical one , it becomes the mundane cross. Humanity has reached its third root-race; it is the sign for the origin of human life to begin. When the circumference disappears and leaves only the it is a sign that the fall of man into matter is accomplished, and the FOURTH race begins. The Cross within a circle symbolises pure Pantheism; when the Cross was left uninscribed, it became phallic.
It had the same and yet other meanings as a TAU inscribed within a circle or as a "Thor's hammer," the Jaina cross, so-called, or simply Svastica within a circle. By the third symbol — the circle divided in two by the horizontal line of the diameter — the first manifestation of creative still passive, because feminine Nature was meant. The first shadowy perception of man connected with procreation is feminine, because man knows his mother more than his father. Hence female deities were more sacred than the male.
Nature is therefore feminine, and, to a degree, objective and tangible, and the spirit Principle which fructifies it is concealed. It was the glyph of the third root-race to the day of its symbolical Fall — i. Occultist will recognize as one of the "left-hand," and used in ceremonial magic. It is hoped that during the perusal of this work the erroneous ideas of the public in general with regard to Pantheism will be modified. It is wrong and unjust to regard the Buddhists and Advaitee Occultists as atheists.
If not all of them philosophers, they are, at any rate, all logicians, their objections and arguments being based on strict reasoning. Indeed, if the Parabrahmam of the Hindus may be taken as a representative of the hidden and nameless deities of other nations, this absolute Principle will be found to be the prototype from which all the others were copied. Parabrahm is not "God," because It is not a God. Parabrahm is simply, as a "Secondless Reality," the all-inclusive Kosmos — or, rather, the infinite Cosmic Space — in the highest spiritual sense, of course.
Brahma neuter being the unchanging, pure, free, undecaying supreme Root, "the ONE true Existence, Paramarthika," and the absolute Chit and Chaitanya intelligence, consciousness cannot be a cognize, "for THAT can have no subject of cognition. IT — is "the Spirit of the Fire," not fire itself; therefore, "the attributes of the latter, heat or flame, are not the attributes of the Spirit, but of that of which that Spirit is the unconscious cause.
By certain Kabalistic transformations this name, androgynous in the first chapters of Genesis, becomes in its transformations entirely masculine, Cainite and phallic. The fact of choosing a deity among the pagan gods and making of it a special national God, to call upon it as the "One living God," the "God of Gods," and then proclaim this worship Monotheistic, does not change it into the ONE Principle whose "Unity admits not of multiplication, change, or form," especially in the case of a priapic deity, as Jehovah now demonstrated to be. Therefore, when the Pantheists echo the Upanishads, which state, as in the Secret Doctrine, that "this" cannot create, they do not deny a Creator, or rather a collective aggregate of creators, but only refuse, very logically, to attribute "creation" and especially formation, something finite to an Infinite Principle.
With them, Parabrahmam is a passive because an Absolute Cause, the unconditioned Mukta. It is only limited Omniscience and Omnipotence that are refused to the latter, because these are still attributes as reflected in man's perceptions ; and because Parabrahm, being the "Supreme ALL ," the ever invisible spirit and Soul of Nature, changeless and eternal, can have no attributes; absoluteness very naturally precluding any idea of the finite or conditioned from being connected with it.
And if the Vedantin postulates attributes as belonging simply to its emanation, calling it "Iswara plus Maya," and Avidya Agnosticism and Nescience rather than ignorance , it is difficult to find any Atheism in this conception. Narayana moving on the abstract waters of Space, is transformed into the Waters of concrete substance moved by him, who now becomes the manifested WORD or Logos. Jacob; as also "The Aphorisms of S'andilya," translated by Cowell, p. For proof of this, see about Major Jacob's "Vedanta Sara. Yet, no philosopher among them will view this "death" in any other sense than as a temporary disappearance from the manifested plane of existence, or as a periodical rest.